Term:Personal Identity Verification (PIV) Card
Personal Identity Verification (PIV) Card - A physical artifact (e.g., identity card, "smart" card) issued to an individual that contains stored identity credentials (e.g., photograph, cryptographic keys, digitized fingerprint representation) so that the claimed identity of the cardholder can be verified against the stored credentials by another person (human readable and verifiable) or an automated process (computer readable and verifiable).
NIST SP 800-116
Personal Identity Verification (PIV) Card - The identity credential mandated by HSPD-12 and defined by FIPS 201 as an end-point PIV Card. A PIV Card is a smart card with contact and contactless communication capability, and eleven defined data objects for interoperability, five mandatory and six optional.