Smart Card

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NIST SP 800-48

A credit card with a built-in microprocessor and memory that is used for identification or financial transactions. When inserted into a reader, the card transfers data to and from a central computer. A smart card is more secure than a magnetic stripe card and can be programmed to self-destruct if the wrong password is entered too many times.

NIST SP 800-98

A plastic card containing a computer chip that enables the holder to purchase goods and services, enter restricted areas, access medical, financial, or other records, or perform other operations requiring data stored on the chip.