NIST SP 800-53r3 Appendix D

From FISMApedia
Jump to: navigation, search

APPENDIX D

SECURITY CONTROL BASELINES – SUMMARY

LOW-IMPACT, MODERATE-IMPACT, AND HIGH-IMPACT INFORMATION SYSTEMS


This appendix contains the security control baselines that represent the starting point in determining the security controls for low-impact, moderate-impact, and high-impact information systems.71 [1] The three security control baselines are hierarchical in nature with regard to the security controls employed in those baselines.72 [2] If a security control is selected for one of the baselines, the security control family identifier and control number are listed in the appropriate column. If a control is not used in a particular baseline, the entry is marked “not selected.” Control enhancements, when used to supplement security controls, are indicated by the number of the control enhancement. For example, an “IR-2 (1)” in the high baseline entry for the IR-2 security control indicates that the second control from the Incident Response family has been selected along with control enhancement (1). Note that some security controls and enhancements in the security control catalog are not used in any of the baselines in this appendix but are available for use by organizations if needed; for example, when the results of a risk assessment indicate the need for additional controls or control enhancements in order to adequately mitigate risk to organizational operations and organizational assets, individuals, other organizations, and the Nation.

Organizations can use the recommended priority code designation associated with each security control in the baselines to assist in making sequencing decisions for control implementation (i.e., a Priority Code 1 [P1] control has a higher priority for implementation than a Priority Code 2 [P2] control; a Priority Code 2 (P2) control has a higher priority for implementation than a Priority Code 3 [P3] control). This recommended sequencing prioritization helps ensure that foundational security controls upon which other controls depend are implemented first, thus enabling organizations to deploy controls in a more structured and timely manner in accordance with available resources. The implementation of security controls by sequence priority code does not imply the achievement of any defined level of risk mitigation until all of the security controls in the security plan have been implemented. The priority codes are used only for implementation sequencing, not for making security control selection decisions. Table D-1 summarizes sequence priority codes for the baseline security controls in Table D-2.


TABLE D-1: SECURITY CONTROL PRIORITIZATION CODES
Priority Code Sequencing Action
Priority Code 1 (P1) FIRST Implement P1 security controls first.
Priority Code 2 (P2) NEXT Implement P2 security controls after implementation of P1 controls.
Priority Code 3 (P3) LAST Implement P3 security controls after implementation of P1 and P2 controls.
Unspecified Priority Code (P0) NONE Security control not selected for baseline.


In addition to Table D-2, the sequence priority codes and security control baselines are annotated in a priority and baseline allocation summary section below each security control in Appendix F.


TABLE D-2: SECURITY CONTROL BASELINES
CNTL NO. CONTROL NAME PRIORITY CONTROL BASELINES
LOW MOD HIGH

Access Control

AC-1 Access Control Policy and Procedures P1 AC-1 AC-1 AC-1
AC-2 Account Management P1 AC-2 AC-2 (1) (2) (3) (4) AC-2 (1) (2) (3) (4)
AC-3 Access Enforcement P1 AC-3 AC-3 AC-3
AC-4 Information Flow Enforcement P1 Not Selected AC-4 AC-4
AC-5 Separation of Duties P1 Not Selected AC-5 AC-5
AC-6 Least Privilege P1 Not Selected AC-6 (1) (2) AC-6 (1) (2)
AC-7 Unsuccessful Login Attempts P2 AC-7 AC-7 AC-7
AC-8 System Use Notification P1 AC-8 AC-8 AC-8
AC-9 Previous Logon (Access) Notification P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
AC-10 Concurrent Session Control P2 Not Selected Not Selected AC-10
AC-11 Session Lock P3 Not Selected AC-11 AC-11
AC-12 Session Termination (Withdrawn) --- --- --- ---
AC-13 Supervision and Review—Access Control (Withdrawn) --- --- --- ---
AC-14 Permitted Actions without Identification or Authentication P1 AC-14 AC-14 (1) AC-14 (1)
AC-15 Automated Marking (Withdrawn) --- --- --- ---
AC-16 Security Attributes P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
AC-17 Remote Access P1 AC-17 AC-17 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (7) (8) AC-17 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (7) (8)
AC-18 Wireless Access P1 AC-18 AC-18 (1) AC-18 (1) (2) (4) (5)
AC-19 Access Control for Mobile Devices P1 AC-19 AC-19 (1) (2) (3) AC-19 (1) (2) (3)
AC-20 Use of External Information Systems P1 AC-20 AC-20 (1) (2) AC-20 (1) (2)
AC-21 User-Based Collaboration and Information Sharing P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
AC-22 Publicly Accessible Content P2 AC-22 AC-22 AC-22

Awareness and Training

AT-1 Security Awareness and Training Policy and Procedures P1 AT-1 AT-1 AT-1
AT-2 Security Awareness P1 AT-2 AT-2 AT-2
AT-3 Security Training P1 AT-3 AT-3 AT-3
AT-4 Security Training Records P3 AT-4 AT-4 AT-4
AT-5 Contacts with Security Groups and Associations P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected

Audit and Accountability

AU-1 Audit and Accountability Policy and Procedures P1 AU-1 AU-1 AU-1
AU-2 Auditable Events P1 AU-2 AU-2 (3) (4) AU-2 (3) (4)
AU-3 Content of Audit Records P1 AU-3 AU-3 (1) AU-3 (1) (2)
AU-4 Audit Storage Capacity P1 AU-4 AU-4 AU-4
AU-5 Response to Audit Processing Failures P1 AU-5 AU-5 AU-5 (1) (2)
AU-6 Audit Review, Analysis, and Reporting P1 AU-6 AU-6 AU-6 (1)
AU-7 Audit Reduction and Report Generation P2 Not Selected AU-7 (1) AU-7 (1)
AU-8 Time Stamps P1 AU-8 AU-8 (1) AU-8 (1)
AU-9 Protection of Audit Information P1 AU-9 AU-9 AU-9
AU-10 Non-repudiation P1 Not Selected Not Selected AU-10
AU-11 Audit Record Retention P3 AU-11 AU-11 AU-11
AU-12 Audit Generation P1 AU-12 AU-12 AU-12 (1)
AU-13 Monitoring for Information Disclosure P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
AU-14 Session Audit P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected

Security Assessment and Authorization

CA-1 Security Assessment and Authorization Policies and Procedures P1 CA-1 CA-1 CA-1
CA-2 Security Assessments P2 CA-2 CA-2 (1) CA-2 (1) (2)
CA-3 Information System Connections P1 CA-3 CA-3 CA-3
CA-4 Security Certification (Withdrawn) --- --- --- ---
CA-5 Plan of Action and Milestones P3 CA-5 CA-5 CA-5
CA-6 Security Authorization P3 CA-6 CA-6 CA-6
CA-7 Continuous Monitoring P3 CA-7 CA-7 CA-7

Configuration Management

CM-1 Configuration Management Policy and Procedures P1 CM-1 CM-1 CM-1
CM-2 Baseline Configuration P1 CM-2 CM-2 (1) (3) (4) CM-2 (1) (2) (3) (5) (6)
CM-3 Configuration Change Control P1 Not Selected CM-3 (2) CM-3 (1) (2)
CM-4 Security Impact Analysis P2 CM-4 CM-4 CM-4 (1)
CM-5 Access Restrictions for Change P1 Not Selected CM-5 CM-5 (1) (2) (3)
CM-6 Configuration Settings P1 CM-6 CM-6 (3) CM-6 (1) (2) (3)
CM-7 Least Functionality P1 CM-7 CM-7 (1) CM-7 (1) (2)
CM-8 Information System Component Inventory P1 CM-8 CM-8 (1) (5) CM-8 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
CM-9 Configuration Management Plan P1 Not Selected CM-9 CM-9

Contingency Planning

CP-1 Contingency Planning Policy and Procedures P1 CP-1 CP-1 CP-1
CP-2 Contingency Plan P1 CP-2 CP-2 (1) CP-2 (1) (2) (3)
CP-3 Contingency Training P2 CP-3 CP-3 CP-3 (1)
CP-4 Contingency Plan Testing and Exercises P2 CP-4 CP-4 (1) CP-4 (1) (2) (4)
CP-5 Contingency Plan Update (Withdrawn) --- --- --- ---
CP-6 Alternate Storage Site P1 Not Selected CP-6 (1) (3) CP-6 (1) (2) (3)
CP-7 Alternate Processing Site P1 Not Selected CP-7 (1) (2) (3) (5) CP-7 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
CP-8 Telecommunications Services P1 Not Selected CP-8 (1) (2) CP-8 (1) (2) (3) (4)
CP-9 Information System Backup P1 CP-9 CP-9 (1) CP-9 (1) (2) (3)
CP-10 Information System Recovery and Reconstitution P1 CP-10 CP-10 (2) (3) CP-10 (2) (3) (4)

Identification and Authentication

IA-1 Identification and Authentication Policy and Procedures P1 IA-1 IA-1 IA-1
IA-2 Identification and Authentication (Organizational Users) P1 IA-2 (1) IA-2 (1) (2) (3) (8) IA-2 (1) (2) (3) (4) (8) (9)
IA-3 Device Identification and Authentication P1 Not Selected IA-3 IA-3
IA-4 Identifier Management P1 IA-4 IA-4 IA-4
IA-5 Authenticator Management P1 IA-5 (1) IA-5 (1) (2) (3) IA-5 (1) (2) (3)
IA-6 Authenticator Feedback P1 IA-6 IA-6 IA-6
IA-7 Cryptographic Module Authentication P1 IA-7 IA-7 IA-7
IA-8 Identification and Authentication (Non-Organizational Users) P1 IA-8 IA-8 IA-8

Incident Response

IR-1 Incident Response Policy and Procedures P1 IR-1 IR-1 IR-1
IR-2 Incident Response Training P2 IR-2 IR-2 IR-2 (1) (2)
IR-3 Incident Response Testing and Exercises P2 Not Selected IR-3 IR-3 (1)
IR-4 Incident Handling P1 IR-4 IR-4 (1) IR-4 (1)
IR-5 Incident Monitoring P1 IR-5 IR-5 IR-5 (1)
IR-6 Incident Reporting P1 IR-6 IR-6 (1) IR-6 (1)
IR-7 Incident Response Assistance P3 IR-7 IR-7 (1) IR-7 (1)
IR-8 Incident Response Plan P1 IR-8 IR-8 IR-8

Maintenance

MA-1 System Maintenance Policy and Procedures P1 MA-1 MA-1 MA-1
MA-2 Controlled Maintenance P2 MA-2 MA-2 (1) MA-2 (1) (2)
MA-3 Maintenance Tools P2 Not Selected MA-3 (1) (2) MA-3 (1) (2) (3)
MA-4 Non-Local Maintenance P1 MA-4 MA-4 (1) (2) MA-4 (1) (2) (3)
MA-5 Maintenance Personnel P1 MA-5 MA-5 MA-5
MA-6 Timely Maintenance P1 Not Selected MA-6 MA-6

Media Protection

MP-1 Media Protection Policy and Procedures P1 MP-1 MP-1 MP-1
MP-2 Media Access P1 MP-2 MP-2 (1) MP-2 (1)
MP-3 Media Marking P1 Not Selected MP-3 MP-3
MP-4 Media Storage P1 Not Selected MP-4 MP-4
MP-5 Media Transport P1 Not Selected MP-5 (2) (4) MP-5 (2) (3) (4)
MP-6 Media Sanitization P1 MP-6 MP-6 MP-6 (1) (2) (3)

Physical and Environmental Protection

PE-1 Physical and Environmental Protection Policy and Procedures P1 PE-1 PE-1 PE-1
PE-2 Physical Access Authorizations P1 PE-2 PE-2 PE-2
PE-3 Physical Access Control P1 PE-3 PE-3 PE-3 (1)
PE-4 Access Control for Transmission Medium P1 Not Selected PE-4 PE-4
PE-5 Access Control for Output Devices P1 Not Selected PE-5 PE-5
PE-6 Monitoring Physical Access P1 PE-6 PE-6 (1) PE-6 (1) (2)
PE-7 Visitor Control P1 PE-7 PE-7 (1) PE-7 (1)
PE-8 Access Records P3 PE-8 PE-8 PE-8 (1) (2)
PE-9 Power Equipment and Power Cabling P1 Not Selected PE-9 PE-9
PE-10 Emergency Shutoff P1 Not Selected PE-10 PE-10
PE-11 Emergency Power P1 Not Selected PE-11 PE-11 (1)
PE-12 Emergency Lighting P1 PE-12 PE-12 PE-12
PE-13 Fire Protection P1 PE-13 PE-13 (1) (2) (3) PE-13 (1) (2) (3)
PE-14 Temperature and Humidity Controls P1 PE-14 PE-14 PE-14
PE-15 Water Damage Protection P1 PE-15 PE-15 PE-15 (1)
PE-16 Delivery and Removal P1 PE-16 PE-16 PE-16
PE-17 Alternate Work Site P1 Not Selected PE-17 PE-17
PE-18 Location of Information System Components P2 Not Selected PE-18 PE-18 (1)
PE-19 Information Leakage P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected

Planning

PL-1 Security Planning Policy and Procedures P1 PL-1 PL-1 PL-1
PL-2 System Security Plan P1 PL-2 PL-2 PL-2
PL-3 System Security Plan Update (Withdrawn) --- --- --- ---
PL-4 Rules of Behavior P1 PL-4 PL-4 PL-4
PL-5 Privacy Impact Assessment P1 PL-5 PL-5 PL-5
PL-6 Security-Related Activity Planning P3 Not Selected PL-6 PL-6

Personnel Security

PS-1 Personnel Security Policy and Procedures P1 PS-1 PS-1 PS-1
PS-2 Position Categorization P1 PS-2 PS-2 PS-2
PS-3 Personnel Screening P1 PS-3 PS-3 PS-3
PS-4 Personnel Termination P2 PS-4 PS-4 PS-4
PS-5 Personnel Transfer P2 PS-5 PS-5 PS-5
PS-6 Access Agreements P3 PS-6 PS-6 PS-6
PS-7 Third-Party Personnel Security P1 PS-7 PS-7 PS-7
PS-8 Personnel Sanctions P3 PS-8 PS-8 PS-8

Risk Assessment

RA-1 Risk Assessment Policy and Procedures P1 RA-1 RA-1 RA-1
RA-2 Security Categorization P1 RA-2 RA-2 RA-2
RA-3 Risk Assessment P1 RA-3 RA-3 RA-3
RA-4 Risk Assessment Update (Withdrawn) --- --- --- ---
RA-5 Vulnerability Scanning P1 RA-5 RA-5 (1) RA-5 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (7)

System and Services Acquisition

SA-1 System and Services Acquisition Policy and Procedures P1 SA-1 SA-1 SA-1
SA-2 Allocation of Resources P1 SA-2 SA-2 SA-2
SA-3 Life Cycle Support P1 SA-3 SA-3 SA-3
SA-4 Acquisitions P1 SA-4 SA-4 (1) (4) SA-4 (1) (2) (4)
SA-5 Information System Documentation P2 SA-5 SA-5 (1) (3) SA-5 (1) (2) (3)
SA-6 Software Usage Restrictions P1 SA-6 SA-6 SA-6
SA-7 User-Installed Software P1 SA-7 SA-7 SA-7
SA-8 Security Engineering Principles P1 Not Selected SA-8 SA-8
SA-9 External Information System Services P1 SA-9 SA-9 SA-9
SA-10 Developer Configuration Management P1 Not Selected SA-10 SA-10
SA-11 Developer Security Testing P2 Not Selected SA-11 SA-11
SA-12 Supply Chain Protection P1 Not Selected Not Selected SA-12
SA-13 Trustworthiness P1 Not Selected Not Selected SA-13
SA-14 Critical Information System Components P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected

System and Communications Protection

SC-1 System and Communications Protection Policy and Procedures P1 SC-1 SC-1 SC-1
SC-2 Application Partitioning P1 Not Selected SC-2 SC-2
SC-3 Security Function Isolation P1 Not Selected Not Selected SC-3
SC-4 Information in Shared Resources P1 Not Selected SC-4 SC-4
SC-5 Denial of Service Protection P1 SC-5 SC-5 SC-5
SC-6 Resource Priority P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
SC-7 Boundary Protection P1 SC-7 SC-7 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (7) SC-7 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)
SC-8 Transmission Integrity P1 Not Selected SC-8 (1) SC-8 (1)
SC-9 Transmission Confidentiality P1 Not Selected SC-9 (1) SC-9 (1)
SC-10 Network Disconnect P2 Not Selected SC-10 SC-10
SC-11 Trusted Path P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
SC-12 Cryptographic Key Establishment and Management P1 SC-12 SC-12 SC-12 (1)
SC-13 Use of Cryptography P1 SC-13 SC-13 SC-13
SC-14 Public Access Protections P1 SC-14 SC-14 SC-14
SC-15 Collaborative Computing Devices P1 SC-15 SC-15 SC-15
SC-16 Transmission of Security Attributes P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
SC-17 Public Key Infrastructure Certificates P1 Not Selected SC-17 SC-17
SC-18 Mobile Code P1 Not Selected SC-18 SC-18
SC-19 Voice Over Internet Protocol P1 Not Selected SC-19 SC-19
SC-20 Secure Name /Address Resolution Service (Authoritative Source) P1 SC-20 (1) SC-20 (1) SC-20 (1)
SC-21 Secure Name /Address Resolution Service (Recursive or Caching Resolver) P1 Not Selected Not Selected SC-21
SC-22 Architecture and Provisioning for Name/Address Resolution Service P1 Not Selected SC-22 SC-22
SC-23 Session Authenticity P1 Not Selected SC-23 SC-23
SC-24 Fail in Known State P1 Not Selected Not Selected SC-24
SC-25 Thin Nodes P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
SC-26 Honeypots P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
SC-27 Operating System-Independent Applications P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
SC-28 Protection of Information at Rest P1 Not Selected SC-28 SC-28
SC-29 Heterogeneity P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
SC-30 Virtualization Techniques P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
SC-31 Covert Channel Analysis P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
SC-32 Information System Partitioning P0 Not Selected SC-32 SC-32
SC-33 Transmission Preparation Integrity P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected
SC-34 Non-Modifiable Executable Programs P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected

System and Information Integrity

SI-1 System and Information Integrity Policy and Procedures P1 SI-1 SI-1 SI-1
SI-2 Flaw Remediation P1 SI-2 SI-2 (2) SI-2 (1) (2)
SI-3 Malicious Code Protection P1 SI-3 SI-3 (1) (2) (3) SI-3 (1) (2) (3)
SI-4 Information System Monitoring P1 Not Selected SI-4 (2) (4) (5) (6) SI-4 (2) (4) (5) (6)
SI-5 Security Alerts, Advisories, and Directives P1 SI-5 SI-5 SI-5 (1)
SI-6 Security Functionality Verification P1 Not Selected Not Selected SI-6
SI-7 Software and Information Integrity P1 Not Selected SI-7 (1) SI-7 (1) (2)
SI-8 Spam Protection P1 Not Selected SI-8 SI-8 (1)
SI-9 Information Input Restrictions P2 Not Selected SI-9 SI-9
SI-10 Information Input Validation P1 Not Selected SI-10 SI-10
SI-11 Error Handling P2 Not Selected SI-11 SI-11
SI-12 Information Output Handling and Retention P2 SI-12 SI-12 SI-12
SI-13 Predictable Failure Prevention P0 Not Selected Not Selected Not Selected

Program Management

PM-1 Information Security Program Plan P1 Deployed organization-wide
Supporting all baselines
PM-2 Senior Information Security Officer P1
PM-3 Information Security Resources P1
PM-4 Plan of Action and Milestones Process P1
PM-5 Information System Inventory P1
PM-6 Information Security Measures of Performance P1
PM-7 Enterprise Architecture P1
PM-8 Critical Infrastructure Plan P1
PM-9 Risk Management Strategy P1
PM-10 Security Authorization Process P1
PM-11 Mission/Business Process Definition P1


Footnotes

  1. A complete description of all security controls is provided in Appendices F and G. In addition, separate documents for individual security control baselines (listed as Annexes 1, 2, and 3) are available at http://csrc.nist.gov/publications.
  2. The hierarchical nature applies to the security requirements of each control (i.e., the base control plus all of its enhancements) at the low-impact, moderate-impact, and high-impact level in that the control requirements at a particular impact level (e.g., CP-4 Contingency Plan Testing and Exercises—Moderate: CP-4 (1)) meets a stronger set of security requirements for that control than the next lower impact level of the same control (e.g., CP-4 Contingency Plan Testing and Exercises—Low: CP-4).